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Mama Negra, symbiosis of indigenous, Spanish and African cultures in Ecuador

Music, dance, food, religion, politics and economy were mixed today in the parade of the Mama Negra, a symbiosis of indigenous, Spanish and African cultures that evokes in the city Ecuadorian Latacunga miscegenation of popular expressions of different origins.

Quito, November 4 (EFE) .- Music, dance, food, religion, politics and economy were mixed today in the parade of the Mama Negra, a symbiosis of the indigenous, Spanish and African cultures that evokes in the Ecuadorian city of Latacunga the miscegenation of popular expressions from different origins.

Hundreds of people participated in colorful and cheerful comparsas through the streets of Latacunga, accompanied by bands of music, in the Andean province of Cotopaxi, to where the president of Ecuador, Lenin Moreno, traveled to attend as a guest special.

From the main grandstand, the head of state saw the "capariche" pass, a typical character of the parade who, with a rustic broom in hand, sweeps the street in the middle of the dance and with it it opens the way to the step of the comparsas in the middle of a strong sun.

After the step of several comparsas and riding on a white horse, appeared the Angel of the Star, a man with a crown, his face painted white, dressed in a robe of the same color and golden stripes, with a large cloak and with broad wings on his back, representing the angel guardian.

After offering loas to the Virgin of Mercy, the Angel of the Star, considered the messenger between the Virgin and the population, greeted Moreno in a day in which the The governor heard proclamations of support to continue with him the so-called Citizen Revolution, which in 2007 inaugurated his predecessor Rafael Correa.

The ruling movement Country Alliance suffers a fracture between those who support Moreno and those who support Correa and consider that the current president has distanced himself from the postulates of the so-called Revolution, an extreme that he Denies.

A man who represented the Moorish king also paraded, offering praises to the Virgin of Mercy during the Black Mama parade, cataloged as an intangible heritage of Ecuador.

On the origin of the celebration there are several versions, like the one that talks about the intersection several years ago of the Virgen de la Merced to calm the fury of the volcano Cotopaxi, so every year they celebrate it for their favors.

Likewise, there are those who comment that during the colony the Spaniards took what is now the province of Cotopaxi to a group of African communities to work in the mines, and who attributed their liberation to the Virgin of Mercy and instituted a party in her honor, said the official Teleciudadana.

Others Historical records affirm that the party was born in 1963 when residents of the central district organized themselves to celebrate the festivity as part of the commemoration of the independence of Latacunga in 1820.

In general, the comparsas and costumes speak of enchanted characters who hide behind a disguise to thank miracles and attract good fortune, he said. Teleciudadana to point out that the central character of the celebration is the Black Mama, which closes the parade.

That character has his face painted black as a symbol of the fertility of the Earth. man who wears a long skirt with lower lace, as well as a blouse with bright colors and a showy shawl.

"Rest assured that all the Ecuadorian people support you in your management against corruption, "the Black Mama told Moreno.

In the parade, which lasted about four hours, appeared also the representation of the husband of the Black Mama, a man who load on his sword a structure from which hang cold meats, several guinea pigs (guinea pigs), fruit and a baked pork open in the canal.

In the folkloric act also paraded the Minister of Tourism, Enrique Ponce de León, who highlighted the importance of events such as Latacunga to promote tourism in Ecuador where, he said, he hopes to realize a project called "one by one", in reference to the possibility of the existence of a tourist for each inhabitant.

In the parade, Raúl Ledesma, Minister of Labor, added the "yes" to the referendum - still undated- proposed by Moreno and in which, among others, he will ask about the elimination of indefinite re-election and the controversial law of surplus value, established in the Correa government, proposals that have divided more to the oficialismo.

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